In order to fly young birds in the summer, most flyers breed in the winter months using additional lighting provided a 14 hour day for the birds.

If you were not going to race young birds your breeding schedule could be more natural in the summer months.


Here is where you can do as much or as little research as you want to.  You can simply mate your best racing birds to each other or you can delve into High School and College genetics and be more scientific about it.


For example:


There are many genes that govern a birdís homing instincts and flying ability and for the really ambitious flyer you can try to identify them, which has not been done.


However, a basic Darwin rule applies:

(Yes. Darwin raised pigeons)


A good flyer (Phenotype) will not necessarily pass on his good flyer genes. (genotype)


And a bad flyer (Phenotype) can pass on his good flyer genes (Genotype) if they were in him/her to begin with.


G = Good Genes

B = Bad Genes


Good Flyer GB
Good Flyer GB   GB GB

The parents can carry good and bad flyer genes even though both are good flyers.  In this example 25% GG are good flyers and carry good genes.  50% are bad flyers (Phenotype) but carry good flyer genes.  And 25% are BB- bad flyers with bad genes.


However, if you start with good stock the difference can be slight; 41 mph vs. 36.5 mph. And your training can make the difference. [Oops 1202.67 ypm vs. 1070.67 ypm]


If you start with good stock the difference can be slight, 41 mph vs. 36.5 mph (1202.67 ypm vs. 1070.67 ypm) However, training can also make a difference. 

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